The lid structure over the parking area was designed as a post-tensioned concrete beam and one-way slab system. The mat footing and foundation walls were designed to resist the upward hydrostatic pressures. For example, the portico was enclosed, and the tower’s steeple now stands 10 feet taller. After the new mat footing had been completed, new reinforced concrete foundation walls were constructed between the mat footing and the bottom of the brick walls. PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY. With the masonry reinforced and strengthened, the next phase was to support the stabilized building shell so excavation could begin. Kinshasa Congo Temple- Open House 12-30 Mar 2019 / Youth Devotional 13 Apr 2019 / Dedication 14 Apr 2019 The extensive temple grounds are decorated with a cascading water feature and numerous flowers, shrubs, and trees. The new sub-basement level is approximately 14 feet below the design groundwater elevation. President Russell M. Nelson announced a temple would be built in Lindon, Utah during the Sunday afternoon session of General Conference. The announcement of the Provo Utah Temple and Ogden Utah Temple was prompted by a statistic computed in the mid-1960s that 52 percent of all ordinance work was performed in three temples: the Logan Utah Temple, the Manti Utah Temple, and the Salt Lake Temple. Figure 2. The jacks were then loaded to transfer the weight of the walls above onto the needle beams and shoring system. At this time, only living ordinances are being performed. So that in an earthquake the earth moves and the temple moves less,” said Andy Kirby, Director of Historic Temple Renovations. Architecturally prominent, a temple is considered by members of the LDS Church as the most sacred place of worship. Steel needle beams connected to micro-piles. The temple sits nestled among local forest and evergreen trees in a suburban area roughly 15 miles southwest of the historic colonial city of Raleigh. The Ogden Utah Temple (formerly the Ogden Temple) is the sixteenth constructed and fourteenth operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Rumors linger about the Salt Lake Temple closing for renovations, especially with last year's addition of the Draper and Oquirrh Mountain temples. Once the weight of the walls was transferred into the shoring system, adjustable bearing seats were installed on each side of the jacks and the jacks were removed. A major excavation would be required to accommodate a basement and sub-basement below the original building, as well as adjacent sub-grade parking, doubling the size of the building. This has been for special renovation work --more extensive work than is usually done on a temple, including a new awning. The Provo Utah Temple was originally named the Provo Temple. This structure supports a beautifully landscaped plaza. The weight of the landscaping overburden (18 to 35 inches of soil), pavements, snow, and plaza live loads combined to create significant loads on the lid structure. Pocatello Idaho Temple . Experience STRUCTURE magazine at its best! Selection of the shoring system was influenced by the presence of high groundwater at the site. Since the building was concrete, we used the flooring stone for our jewelry. The team had one primary objective: limit settlement or another movement that could cause damage to the existing brick walls. Historic Renovation of the Provo Tabernacle Mar, 2017 By Jeff Miller, S.E., Jesse Malan, S.E. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. Results indicated the strength of the mortar fell below minimum thresholds. Crews respond to Tabernacle fire. Enhanced inspections were conducted to maintain quality control of the shotcrete placement (Figure 3). He was the Principal in Charge and Project Manager on the project. Latter-day Saint Temple Construction Photographs. LDS Church leadership announced the Tabernacle would be rebuilt as a temple. STRUCTURE magazine is the premier resource for practicing structural engineers. Second, they served to support the mat footings for the heavy loads of the new structure. Restoring the building to its original state and preserving its historic fabric was a primary architectural objective for principal architect Roger Jackson of FFKR Architects. The interior components were modeled after the originals. The complex nature of this project demanded unique engineering and construction solutions. For these ordinances, the temple will have minimal staff and the number … Mechanical rebar couplers were placed at the bottom of vertical reinforcing bars within the shotcrete shear walls so that the bars could be extended into the top of the reinforced concrete foundation walls that were placed during a later phase of the project. The church is scheduled to detail lengthy renovation and retrofitting plans for the temple on Friday, and as Notre Dame burned it brought clearly into focus the need for care during what firefighters say can be a particularly dangerous time for historical structures. The new composite walls would be supported by cased micro-piles while 30,000 cubic yards of earth were removed. Essentially, no floor space was lost. Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple.During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. © 1998–2021 ChurchofJesusChristTemples.org. Natural light streaming through windows around the tower illuminate an art glass ceiling in the main upper lobby located directly below the tower. Jacobsen project executive Kirk Dickamore calls the renovation and construction of the Provo City Center Temple “a once-in-a-lifetime project.” “The Provo Tabernacle was … All materials contained in this website fall under U.S. copyright laws. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. The original brick walls are anchored to new reinforced concrete shear walls by placing shotcrete against the interior surface of the brick (Figure 2). Shear strength, compressive strength, and deformation property tests were conducted to assess the mortar’s physical properties. The three new floor structures consist of composite steel beams supported by the new shotcrete exterior walls and interior steel columns. This change in use would require the interior spaces be completely reconfigured within the original building envelope to accommodate new building functions. The temple was dedicated exactly one year later. Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple. Beam spacing varies but is typically about 27 feet-on-center. Lastly, they acted as hold down anchors to resist buoyancy forces created by the water table. With the foundation system complete, the focus shifted to a new structural steel superstructure inside the shell of the existing building. PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY—Based on First Presidency direction, this temple has resumed limited operations. “The design of this was a process between the architect, our design team, the structural engineers, and the contractors. Instead of a temple, however, the Maeser Building was built on the hill in 1911 as a part of the Brigham Young University (BYU) campus. The micro-piles also helped mitigate the potentially liquefiable soils that exist on the site. The two buildings were built at the same time and were nearly identical in appearance until the Ogden Utah Temple was drastically renovated in the early 2010s. Complete remodel of existing structure including all new mechanical, electrical and interior systems. After the brick walls had been reinforced and supported by the new concrete walls, steel beams were attached to the concrete walls creating a reinforcing horizontal “ring” near the elevations where new suspended concrete floors would be placed. For the past couple of years (this year being an exception), the Provo Temple has been closed for 6-8 weeks twice a year, instead of the usual 2 weeks. The Provo Utah Temple was the sixth temple built in Utah and the first built in Utah County. A series of eight-inch diameter micro-piles were drilled into the ground, on each side of the walls, to a depth of about 90 feet. As the Jordan River is one of the larger and busier temples, it will be interesting how the other temples in the area deal with the increase in attendance. One stair was partially burned and damaged by the fire while the other three only suffered minor smoke damage. While we used to use stone from the outside of the temple, we ran out so we switched to stone from the inside of the temple. Based on initial observations, it was evident that the mortar consisted of fine aggregate and lime, and was quite weak. The concrete beams were designed with higher than normal post-tensioning stresses to reduce beam depth as much as practical, while still controlling flexural cracking in the beam section. The restoration of this key architectural feature was of particular import to the owner (Figure 6). It seated 1,500 and featured octagonal stair towers, a high-pitched gabled roof, art glass windows, exquisite woodwork, and a central tower topping out at 167 feet above the ground. A significant challenge faced by the design team was converting a 35,000 square foot historic structure into a modern 85,000 square foot temple without losing historic details. Most of the damage to the walls was caused by the collapse of the wood roof structure during the fire. To the west and south of the Temple is a new single-level, sub-grade parking garage that connects to an adjacent parking garage. The new temple will be St. George's second temple. Salt Lake Temple — Closed for renovations. Figure 7. The Manti Temple has undergone various remodeling and renovations. The St. George Utah Temple, one of the historically significant buildings in the Church, was dedicated in 1877. Also of intense interest was restoring the original central tower. As excavation progressed, steel diagonal braces were added between the micro-piles to provide lateral stability and maintain the allowable unbraced length of the micro-piles. STRUCTURE® magazine is a registered trademark of the National Council of Structural Engineers Associations (NCSEA). Questions or comments regarding this website are encouraged: Contact the webmaster. The structure serves a much different purpose than a chapel where regular worship services are conducted. The Church's other two universities; Brigham Young University–Hawaii in Laie, Hawaii, and Brigham Young University–Idaho in Rexburg, Idaho; also have adjacent temples. First, they temporarily supported the exterior brick walls. In total, the contractor excavated to 25 feet below grade for approximately 170,000 square feet and 40 feet below grade for approximately 15,000 square feet. Vernal … Another significant architectural feature of the original Tabernacle was the wood-framed roofs of the octagonal stair towers at the four building corners (Figure 7). The study included statistical compilations of responses to a survey sent to stake presidents within the temple district. "I think it would be safe to say that that wouldn't even be considered until the Payson Temple (announced last month) is completed," Elder Walker said. Block-outs were formed in the foundation walls around each of the shoring needle beams (Figure 5). After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. HISTORIC RENOVATION Provo City Center Utah LDS Temple Dedicated in 1898, the Provo Tabernacle was an impressive structure of its time, featuring octagonal towers at all four corners, a high-pitched roof, exquisite woodwork, and room to seat 1,500. In 1917, the tower was removed because its weight caused excessive deflections in the roof members. However, no visitors' center was ever established. It engages, enlightens, and empowers structural engineers through interesting, informative, and inspirational content. Since the original building had only a crawlspace below the main floor, a system had to be engineered to support and reinforce the existing masonry walls for excavation to take place. The renovation itself will remain a remarkable feat to those who watched every stage of the project. A public open house for the Provo City Center Temple begins on January 15, 2016, following a five-year renovation of the former Provo Tabernacle. The renovation is scheduled to take a year and a half, so if you want to see this temple any time in the next two years, you should plan to visit quickly. Historic Renovation of the Provo Tabernacle, Wood Meets Structural, Aesthetic, and Sustainability Goals at One Nort. This announcement brought the total number of operating, under construction, under renovation or announced temples in the state of Utah to 25. It is a historic icon of Provo and has been home to many religious and cultural events. Our stone was given to us by a friend who worked on the temple project. In 2016, Jeff was recognized as the Utah Engineers Council’s Engineer of the Year. The micro-piles served several purposes. The new sloped roof structure consists of a metal roof deck supported by steel beams. Along with the renovation crews packed up many historical artifacts and furniture from inside of the temple. The results indicated that the thinner shear walls would perform as prescribed to meet code requirements and the owner’s enhanced performance goal of life safety in the Maximum Considered Earthquake. Phase 1: This initial phase was completed in August of 2013, which consisted of nine (9) restroom remodels. Great care was taken in the designs to preserve the original historic beauty of the church’s exterior. A new internal bracing system would also have to be engineered to stabilize the remaining brick walls while the temporary external bracing system that was installed soon after the fire was removed. Wood-framed roofs at the four building corners. After more than five years of restoration and historical reconstruction, the Provo City Center Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was dedicated March 20, 2016. Construction Status: Temple enclosed; exterior sealed; installing hard landscaping Latest Photograph: 3 January 2021. For the renovated structure, see Provo City Center Temple. The St. George Utah Temple closed November 4, 2019 for renovation … Figure 4. Here is a brief history of those temples. Web development and content management by C3 Ink™, a division of Copper Creek Companies, Inc. Before linking, please review the STRUCTUREmag.org linking policy. Extra care was taken by the contractor to place the shotcrete in the walls while preventing voids behind and between the reinforcing steel. Figure 3. Two of the five interior wythes of brick (approximately 8 inches) were removed, and that space was replaced with shotcrete. Comments posted to STRUCTURE website do not constitute endorsement by NCSEA, CASE, SEI, C3 Ink, or the Editorial Board. © Kyle Sheffer | The Sky’s the Limit Photography. Grade 75 rebar was specified to reduce congestion of the steel reinforcing bars within the beams. The Provo Utah Temple was the sixth temple built in Utah and the first built in Utah County. The typical span of the post-tensioned beams is 60 to 64 feet. Provo City Center Temple. Since Provo's early years, a hill just northeast of downtown Provo was known as "Temple Hill." The Provo Tabernacle served as a tabernacle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1898 to 2010 in downtown Provo, Utah, United States. Constructed from 1883 to 1898, the Provo Tabernacle was a historical treasure of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and the local community. Care was taken with shotcrete placement around reinforcing steel. Careful detailing of the tendon anchorage plates was required to verify that they could fit within the profile of each of the beams. During the renovations, adjustments to some of the larger exterior features were made during the remodel. The remaining three wythes of brick were permanently anchored to the new shotcrete walls by installing 14-inch to 16-inch-long steel helical anchors into the brick. It also had to allow placement of new reinforced shotcrete walls against the interior face of the brick. 1800’s Coordinates. The campus of Church-owned Brigham Young University (BYU) borders the temple to the southwest. A 17-acre (69,000 m 2) block of property at the base of Rock Canyon was chosen as the site for the Provo Temple.. PROVO -- With less than a week remaining for the Ogden Temple open house, followed by its dedication on Sept. 21, the looming question coming from some Utah County members The structure was designed to support the weight and overturning forces imposed by a new center tower matching the pre-1917 original. Credit: Charles Carter, Courtesy of Church History Library, Courtesy of Church History Library. A crowd gathers at the capstone ceremony for the Salt Lake Temple on April 6, 1892. The original straight wood sheathing on the tower roofs was overlaid with new wood structural panel sheathing to stiffen and strengthen the roof structures. During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. These openings were aligned between pairs of micro-piles. The renovation itself will remain a remarkable feat to those who watched every stage of the project. The original design for the Provo Utah Temple included a gold-leafed statue of the angel Moroni atop a gold-colored spire. The tabernacle was a more than century-old icon located in the central Utah community of Provo. All rights reserved. Across the street is the Missionary Training Center (MTC) where thousands of young missionaries reside year round preparing for missionary service around the world. This bracing system would remain in place until a new structural steel frame was constructed inside the building, and new floor and roof diaphragms were in place to brace the exterior walls. Openings were then excavated through the rubble-stone foundation walls just below the brick and shotcrete walls. The proposed shoring system would need to ensure placement of the waterproofing membrane below the sub-basement floor and at the exterior face of the foundation walls without compromising the performance of the membrane under significant hydrostatic pressure. After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. This temple is among the busiest in the LDS Church due to its proximity to BYU and the MTC. Reprinting or other use of these materials without express permission of NCSEA is prohibited. ChurchofJesusChristTemples.org shares construction news, photographs, maps, and interesting facts about the temples of the restored Church of Jesus Christ. To help the owner gain confidence in the thinner walls performing as desired during an earthquake, the structural engineers completed a performance-based design using non-linear analysis techniques. History. The design and construction team explored several excavation and shoring methods that would support the original five-wythe brick masonry walls while excavating two new sub-grade floor levels. The exterior was almost all that remained of the Tabernacle. Reaveley Engineers + Associates was an Outstanding Award Winner for its Provo City Center Utah LDS Temple project in the 2016 NCSEA Annual Excellence in Structural Engineering Awards Program in the Category – Renovation/Rehabilitation. In the late 1970s, a feasibility study was prepared by the Provo Temple presidency for the establishment of a Provo Temple Visitors Center. The Provo Utah Temple stands adjacent to Church-owned Brigham Young University. Located on Provo's east bench near the mouth of magnificent Rock Canyon, the Provo Utah Temple claims a stunning backdrop of towering mountains. The sub-basement level and lower part of the basement level would be located below the groundwater elevation. The Jordan River Utah Temple is scheduled for renovation starting February 15, 2016. Still, people wonder if the Provo Temple is destined for Ogden-style massive makeover.
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